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Map of all Google data center locations

Data Center Knowledge recently published a “Google Data Center FAQ”. As most other web geeks, we here at Pingdom tend to find this kind of information quite fascinating. We have extracted some interesting tidbits, and also used the information to construct a map with all current and under-construction Google data center locations that are known today.

So how many data centers do Google use, and where are they?

Google data center locations

If you include data centers that are under construction, Google has 19 locations in the US where they operate data centers, 12 in Europe, one in Russia, one in South America, and three in Asia. Not all of the locations are dedicated Google data centers, since they sometimes lease space in other companies’ data centers.

World map of Google data centers
Above: Google data centers world wide.

Google data centers in USA
Above: Google data centers in the USA.

Google data centers in Europe
Above: Google data centers in Europe.

We have created a map you can explore over at Wayfaring.

How much does Google spend on data centers?

According to Google’s earnings reports, they spent $1.9 billion on data centers in 2006, and $2.4 billion in 2007.

Google unveiled four new data center projects in 2007. Each has a cost estimate of $600 million, which will include everything from construction to equipment and computers.

Google’s criteria when selecting locations for data centers

  • Large volumes of cheap electricity.
  • Green energy. Focuses on renewable power sources.
  • Proximity to rivers and lakes. They use a large amount of water for cooling purposes.
  • Large areas of land. Allows for more privacy and security.
  • The distance to other Google data centers (for fast connections between data centers).
  • Tax incentives.

Google datacenter and servers
Above left: Google’s first production server. Above middle: Google’s The Dalles data center in Oregon. Above right: Close-up of a Google server rack.

What’s up next?

Google has been looking at sites in Asia, such as Taiwan and Malaysia. There are also reports of a possible data center in Lithuania (Eastern Europe). Google is even more secretive about their US locations, but they have bought 466 acres of land in Blythewood, South Carolina.

Google secrecy

Google has made it difficult both to find out where they keep their data centers and how many they have. One big reason for this is that almost all IP addresses that Google uses (and there are a lot of them) are listed to their Mountain View, California address, so just looking at IP addresses (with IP WHOIS or IP-to-location databases) won’t help you figure out where their data centers are or how many they have.

In addition to this, Google usually seeks permits for their data center projects using companies (LLCs) that don’t mention Google at all, for example Lapis LLC in North Carolina and Tetra LLC in Iowa.

Since Google tends to be quite secretive about their data centers in general, the information we have presented here most likely isn’t 100% complete.

Find out more

Check out the excellent Google Data Center FAQ over at Data Center Knowledge for more details and information.

If you have additional information about Google data centers, please share it in the comments.



95 Comments

Very cool post. Love stuff like this, good luck with it on Digg.

Either they are rolling on the floor and laughing over the arbitrary placements.. or they are going like ‘oh shit’ we got tracked.. o shit..

I dont think you can consider Milan as a datacenter location.
They can have some server but not a true datacenter.

Google also rents space from QTS in Atlanta GA.

I live in NC, where they have a center in Lenoir, or will as soon as they are finished building and setting things up.

Interesting read. It would be great to get some larger pictures of their server racks. It’s kind of a geeky interest I have.

Thanks for the grate info. Anything about Google is always good reading material.

I think Google leases something like 200,000 sq/ft of raised floor in a massive QTS datacenter in Atlanta. They use a codename when referring to google’s area in the datacenter.

Its right next door to the Fulton County Jail.

Their Reston location is actually on Business Center Dr., Reston, VA (http://tinyurl.com/6f6gwp). They have all their employees park around back to make the building appear empty.

Google must select a location in my country, TURKEY :) thank you for this article…

Google just bought 750.000 m^2 in Upper Austria to build its next data center.

Here is the German article about it:

http://oesterreich.orf.at/ooe/stories/323416/

Anyone knowing where the Russian center is located and if there is any contact information available?

Great post. Very interesting!

Google data centre near Mons, Belgium :

http://maps.google.com/?ie=UTF8&ll=50.470562,3.8659&spn=0.015023,0.037894&t=h&z=15

Any plans for a followup on this? Would be interesting to see the development of Googles data centers.

@Stefan: We’ll see. Probably not soon, but maybe something later this year.

Hey Guys,

Great post. Any ideas on where the server locations for Google AppEngine services are located? Looking at response times from Australia for appengine applications they seem not to be served from any Asian centres.

Additionally, would be very interested on information about how Google uses services like Akamai for optimizing application performance in places where they don’t have dedicated hosting facilities. From what I have seen applications such as Google maps, definitely make use of Akamai, and the results are pretty noticable.

Cheers,
Damon.

Why no data centre in Australia!?

Would it automatically mean that the data from searches are taken from the nearest data center?

why no data centre is india…n can ny one mail me more info regarding server stations n how they work at..sumit.gogna@ymail.com

With Jewgle making 25 Billion or more a year why hasn’t anybody else cut into this action?
Jewhoo is Jewgle. The jewnet is a monopoly controlled and owned by the Super jews to steal
all your money while forcing you to access their sites. Wake up!

With Jewgle making 25 Billion or more a year why hasn’t anybody else cut into this action?
Jewhoo is Jewgle. The jewnet is a monopoly controlled and owned by the Super jews to steal
all your money while forcing you to access their sites. Wake up!